by David Crane
November 14, 2007
DefenseReview recently received an interesting document on a proposed recoil-attenuation system a.k.a. recoil-mitigation system for firearms, everything from infantry small arms up to cannon systems. It comes from inventor Dr. R.A. Zeineh a.k.a. Dr. Z., the man behind the first laser scanner and the AAE Cloaking / Adaptive Camouflage system for infantry personnel and vehicles. "AAE" stands for Advanced American Enterprises.
Basically Dr. Z is claiming that he can reduce the recoil of any firearm–everything from a semi-auto pistol or AR-15/M16 rifle or M4/M4A1 Carbine up to The M1A2 Abrams MBT’s 120mm cannon by 95%, utilizing an "insert-adapter" that is approx. 2X the size and weight (i.e. twice the size and weight) of the projectile being fired. In the case of an an AR-15/M16, this means that the device would…
have to be 2X the size and weight of the 62-grain 5.56mm projectile. In the case of the Abrams’ 120mm gun, the AAE insert-adapter would have to be 2X the size and weight of the 120mm APFSDS-T M829A3 cannon round, M830A1 HEAT-MP-T round, etc.
Dr. Zeineh claims in the document that the AAE recoil-mitigation can even be retrofitted to handguns, and reduce handgun recoil by 67% and "uplift" (we believe he means muzzle rise a.k.a. muzzle flip) by 70%. DefenseReview is a bit skeptical about the application of the technology for handguns, particularly with regard to the pistol’s or revolver’s appearance and ergonomics after retrofit.
According to Dr. Z, his invention accomplishes the above without breaking any laws of physics (like Newton’s Third Law of Motion, for instance). Dr. Z writes that current weapons can be retrofitted with the AAE recoil mitigation system, and the device can be "built in" to future weapons at the factory.
If the claims by Dr. Z are true, the technology would be very important: 1) It would make any existing infantry assault rifle or machine gun easily controllable on full-auto, and allow weapons manufacturers to make their weapons lighter, since they would no longer have to rely on receiver weight to control recoil. 2) It would allow lighter military vehicles to handle a 120mm cannon system, provided they could still handle the inherent weight of the gun system itself. Cutting 95% of the 120mm’s recoil impulse logically dictates that kinetic stress on the vehicle upon firing is also cut by 95%. That should really free the vehicle engineers up a bit. 3) It could potentially allow infantry personnel to utilize man-portable / man-packable 20-30mm cannon systems more easily in combat. 4) It could allow UAS / UAVs to carry larger-bore kinetic-energy weapons on board.
Again, this the above is all predicated on Dr. Z’s claims about his system being true. Defense Review has neither seen nor tested it, yet. That being said, the following excerpt comes from the AAE document regarding a live demonstration of the technology:
Any interested person can perform his own self-demonstration at AAE facility by firing the original M16 in the left hand and simultaneously firing a second modified M16 in the right hand. The shooter will feel the huge difference in the recoil force as well as sees the big difference in rebound motion of the weapon.
The following excerpt comes from the same document, from the section titled "Objectives of Future-wars world planners":
Objectives of Future-wars world planners:
The main objectives of future-wars planners is to lower casualties through using robots, unmanned aircraft, and fast deployment into hot spots.
For mobility and rapid-airlift deployment of infantry fighting vehicles to hot spots, light vehicles are preferred over heavy tanks. Since electronic homing devices on long-range, "smart" weapons can be jammed by electronic counter measures (particularly in their terminal phase), the line-of-sight targeting of "dumb" cannon-fired ordnance will remain a mainstay of combat operations. For this reason, and to prevent undesired collateral damage, future- war planners are seeking short cannons on light vehicles and robots.
In all cases, however, available systems are deemed unsatisfactory because of their extreme recoil.Current muzzle brakes and recoil reducers inserts in the butt of a gun gave insufficient recoil reduction of about 10%..
AAE has developed a 95% recoil reduction insert-adapter system that meets the needs of the planners. This insert-adapter can be retrofitted onto old and new cannons, mortars, and all firearms.
Cannons remain a mainstay in future wars:
Most "smart" and "brilliant" weapons are vulnerable to electronic jamming. Direct- and indirect-fire weapons, however, do not suffer from this potential shortcoming; therefore, artillery, automatic grenade launchers and other weapon systems with direct- and indirect-fire capabilities will remain battlefield mainstays for the forseeable future.
Short cannons (3-4 meters long) are being sought for mounting on light armored vehicles and robots. But all prototypes developed by the world’s manufacturers that were presented in Israel in late 2006 failed to meet Israeli future-wars planners requirements because of their extreme recoil.
AAE has developed a solution that virtually eliminates recoil in all firarms, handguns to cannons as a field retrofit or built-in adapters.
Test and Evaluation of recoil Adapter:
A US test facility (Picatinny Arsenal, New Jersey) recently developed a device that measures recoil reduction from various designs applied to small arms. Experience has shown, however, that there is usually a long waiting time before a system can be tested at Picatinny. AAE has developed its own recoil-measuring device, recoil meter to guide the R&D of its recoil adapter.
End of Excerpt
DefenseReview is interested in seeing an AR-15/M16-variant rifle or carbine or larger weapon outfitted with the AAE recoil attenuating/mitigating insert-adapter demonstrated at the range. In fact, we’d prefer to test it ourselves. In the meantime, we’ll see if we can at least obtain some photos of a weapon outfitted with the device, and of the device, itself.
Until then, we must, of course remain skeptical about AAE’s claims. 95% recoil attenuation is a pretty bold claim. Better be able to back it up.
AAE "Future Wars" Document on Recoil Attenuation/Mitigation Device for Firearms (Infantry Small Arms and Cannon Systems) (Right-click on link to download and view it.)
Company Contact Info:
Dr. R.A. Zeineh
Advanced American Enterprises (AAE)
1166 E Valencia Drive
Fullerton CA 92831